Sustainable Fisheries Partnership

CMU & Associates is pleased to announce it has recently partnered with their supplier and Sustainable Fisheries Partnership (SFP) under the Fishery Improvement Project (FIP), in a joint venture to promote sustainability for bottom fish (snapper/grouper) from Indonesia. Within the industry, Hilo Fish Company (HFC) is recognized for their signature label, Krimson, an exceptional line of premium frozen fish products that other brands are measured against. The new FIP logo will be placed on all cartons and the labels for snapper/grouper from Indonesia sold by CMU & Associates.

This partnership not only promotes sustainability, it enforces traceability to ensure that the origin and status of snapper and grouper products are well known and all products are sourced from legal fisheries.

SFP is a large organization that works closely with several different companies on educating and accessing information on different fisheries to develop programs working towards sustainability.

This joint venture is currently in stage four and working towards a supply of sustainable snapper and grouper. SFP also works with other groups and organizations on several different types of Fisheries Improvement Projects in which some of these companies have reviewed and accepted the FIP for snapper and grouper. An example of a company who has reviewed and accepted the FIP is Fish Wise who is currently working closely with leading supermarkets nationwide on the sustainability program.

CMU & Associates are also working with their supplier and Sustainable Fisheries Partnership to create a new FIP for tuna from Indonesia with the assistance and guidance of SFP. It is in the early planning stages and this project is anticipated to be started in the near future.

Arafura, Aru and Timor Seas Snapper and Grouper
Fishery Improvement Project

FIP Objectives:
  • Improve the availability of accurate data on catches, retained and bycatch, from both artisanal fisheries and larger vessels.
  • Support the development of the fisheries management plan in Aru, Arafura, and Timor Seas.
  • Promote traceability by engaging supply chains to ensure that the origin and status of snapper and grouper products are well known and all products source from legal fisheries.
  • Encourage snapper and grouper producers (fishing fleet owners and processors) to participate in this fishery improvement project and develop FIPs for snappers and grouper in other fishing grounds they source from.
  • Snapper and grouper buyers – support their suppliers’ fishery improvement efforts and improve procurement policies that favor fishery sustainability.
  • Promote traceability to ensure that the origin and status of snapper and grouper products are well known and all products source from legal fisheries.
  • Support research to define stock status of Indonesian snapper and grouper and improve the availability of accurate data on catches and bycatch.
  • Support the government to improve management and policies encouraging sustainable snapper and grouper fisheries.

The Aru, Arafura, and Timor Seas are important fishing grounds for snapper and grouper fisheries. Snapper is part of the family Lutjanidae and grouper (or kerapu) belongs to family Serranidae. Three species of snapper (locally known as “kurisi” or “anggoli”) are the most economically important fish for export from Indonesia. While the three species of grouper, which occupy the same habitat as snapper, are also exported from these areas.

Snapper and grouper fisheries are targeted by artisanal and larger vessels. This is a highly complex fishery as it has five different “gear types” and is spread out over a huge area of the Indonesian archipelago. The types of fishing gear currently being used for snapper are drop/handline (DL), bottom longline (BLL), bottom gillnet, bottom trawls, and traps. Shrimp trawlers in the Arafura and Aru Seas often also include snapper as part of their bycatch.

Probolinggo serves as a ‘transit’ fishing base of bottom longline (BLL) fisheries operated by their headquarters in Tanjung Balai Karimun. The BLL fishing boats stop in Mayangan Coastal Fishing Port, Probolinggo, for unloading the fish caught from the Timor and Arafura Seas. Data from Fishery Office at Probolinggo Regency suggests that at least 8 fishing companies are registered in Probolinggo Fishing Port, comprising about 130 fishing vessels.

Data from the Probolinggo Fishing Port Office shows that in 2011, red snapper contributed the biggest portion (about 33 percent) of total landings from bottom longline (BLL), followed by goldband snapper with 26 percent, and grouper with 12 percent).

The distribution of snapper in Indonesia covers the vast area of the archipelago, with the major fishing grounds for this species in the Eastern Timor Sea, Aru Bay, and the Arafura Sea. Data from Indonesia Capture Fisheries Statistics show that in 2010 snapper from these waters contributed more than 30 percent of the total catch, with 46,236 tonnes landed (MMAF 2012).

The total landing of snapper in Indonesia was 118,608 tonnes in 2011, valued at USD 259,884. While the total landing of five grouper species was 74,359 tonnes, with the value of USD 194,614. The other important fishing grounds for snapper are in the Karimata Strait, Natuna Sea, and South China Sea, which together contributed 13.9 percent of the total catch; followed by Tolo Bay and Banda Sea (together 11.8%); Java Sea (10.5%); and the Makassar Strait, Bone Bay, Flores Sea, and Bali Sea (together 8.1%).

Fisheries market:

Data from the Indonesian Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) show that the export volume of snapper from Indonesia fluctuated and ranged from 1.5 to 2.7 thousand tonnes per year with the United States, EU countries, Japan, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, South Korea, Australia, Thailand, and the Middle East as main markets (WPI 2009). However, the precise volume and value of exported snapper to each destination country/region were not known.

Data from the Foreign Trade Data Base (NMFS) show that US snapper imports from Indonesia in 2012 reached 787 tonnes, valued at about USD 6 million, mostly in the form of frozen boneless fillet. This means that most of the snapper from Indonesia goes to the US market. Red snapper from Indonesia is also one of the most popular seafood products commonly found in fish markets in Singapore and Malaysia.

Meanwhile, for grouper, data from the Foreign Trade Data Base (NMFS) show that US grouper imports from Indonesia in 2012 reached 26 tonnes, valued at USD 59 thousands, mostly in the form of frozen fish.

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